Osh is the second largest city of Kyrgyzstan with 235,000 inhabitants. It is located in the Fergana Valley in the south of the country, and is classified as one of the oldest cities of Central Asia.
Since the 8th century, Osh is known as a silk production center. The founder of the Mogul empire known as Babur had found several qualities to this city. The prince himself is said to have written many praising notes about the greatness of Osh. He built a mosque at the top of the Sulayman Mountain in order to ponder his future. In 1876, the city became occupied and was annexed by the Russian empire during a colonial confrontation with Great Britain's" Big game". In 1939, it became the administrative center of Osh's oblast. In the 1960s, Osh and other southern cities began their industrialization process, which thus contributed to the region's urban development. However, in 1990, the city experienced many interethnic confrontations between Kyrgyz and Uzbeks. It resulted in approximately 1,200 casualties and more than 300 deaths. This confrontation continued until summer 2010.
Osh is a very lively place with its large market in the open air spread over all along the Silk Road. Indeed, the famous Osh's bazaar offers various local products such as fruits, vegetables or fabrics. The Bazaar is the ideal place to discover the Kyrgyz lifestyle and to exchange with the locals. The city possesses a number of monuments to visit such as the statue of Queen Kurmanjan Datka in the south and the remaining statues of Lenin. Not far from the bazaar, you can find the Great Mosque of the country and the Rabat Abdul Khan , an old mosque dating from the 16th century. Finish your visit on the Sulayman mountain. It is the only site of the world heritage located in the town of Osh and a historical place that was formerly the main gathering spot for Muslims as well as a place of pilgrimage in the pre-Muslim era. A museum is also established in one of the cavities of the mountain. It contains some collections like the archaeological, geological discoveries and also plenty of information on the wildlife and the local flora. From up there, you will have a lovely panoramic view on Osh and its surroundings.
How to get to there ?
There are Chinese sleeper buses that leave from the bus station to Osh. The bus leaves on Wednesdays, Thursdays and Sundays at 8pm. However, it is necessary to book tickets a day before departure. The cash register opens from 8:30 to 5 pm with a lunch break between 12pm and 1pm. If you want to go to Osh this winter, you might want to check that the road is open.