Kyrgyzstan is a mountainous country, landlocked between Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and China, at the heart of Central Asia. Its geography strongly influences its climate, which is continental, with strong temperature and humidity variations. There can be important snowfalls and ice in the spring. Agriculture suffers from this unstable climate.
In winter, temperatures vary depending on the region. The south is relatively warm with average temperatures of -2°C, whereas the north is much colder, with temperatures of -27 °C. The coldest temperature recorded was -50°C.
However, it’s not rare to come across storms or snowfalls even in those months.
The country is divided in two, between the south and the north, with high passes at around 3000m altitude. Due to this, it is exposed to different winds, from the Arctic and the Mediterranean. In the south of the country, the climate is more tropical.
The specificity of Kyrgyzstan is that the country is entirely covered by high mountains. This explains the important temperature differences during the year. In spring, temperatures get warmer gradually. March and April are the rainiest months, also Kyrgyzstan is not a humid country.
Summer lasts from May to September, with temperatures above 40°C in July. However, nights are always fresh, sometimes nearing freezing temperatures.
Fall starts mid-September, and the temperatures drop until the winter.
It rarely rains in Bishkek. There are strong winds and storms year round. During the winter, temperatures are around 0°C, but can drop to -15 or -25°C with the northern winds.
The spring is rainy, before giving place to a dry summer.